Improving Childhood Blood Level Screening, Reporting and Surveillance in Allegheny County
Despite the general perception that lead poisoning is no longer an important public health problem, it remains a serious, preventable environmental health threat to young children. Elevated blood lead levels can affect neurodevelopmental, intellectual, and cognitive outcomes. Health Home Resources commissioned the RAND Corporation and OCD to examine the current status of childhood blood level screening. The findings and recommendations in this report are the result of a background study of the relevant literature, a review of existing blood lead reporting and surveillance databases, interviews, and focus groups.

Following publication of this report, OCD collaborated with Public Citizens for Children and Youth (PCCY) of Philadelphia to educate members of the General Assembly and engaged the PA Office of Medical Assistance Programs to incorporate blood lead level screening in their "pay for performance" program.