The first project implemented
is one of the most comprehensive interventions in an orphanage using regular
caregiving staff to provide children with more warm, caring, sensitive, and
responsively contingent interactions with fewer and more consistent caregivers
in a family like atmosphere. The effects on children’s development in every
domain were substantial. Currently, children who participated in these
interventions and who have transferred to adoptive and foster families or have
been reunified with their biological parents in St. Petersburg and children
adopted to the USA are being assessed to determine the long-term effects of the
interventions. In addition, a large group of children adopted before any
interventions into USA families is being studied to determine the
developmental consequences of early institutionalization.
The Adaptive Playground for Babyhome 3 study assesses the
nature and extent of caregiver and child usage of special playground equipment
designed to be suitable for both typically developing children and those with a
variety of disabilities at a Russian orphanage for children birth to 4 years.